It is widely distributed in Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan). The leaves are widely used in Indonesia as a flavouring in food, whilst the plant also supplies an edible fruit, medicinal uses, wood and dyes. It is a common home-garden tree.
Syzygium polyanthum is widely distributed and locally common in lowland primary and secondary forest, also in thickets, bamboo forest and teak plantations. In Java up to 1,000 m, in Sabah up to 1,200 m, in Thailand up to 1,300 m altitude.
Tannins, flavonoids, essential oils, caffeic acid, eugenol, linalool, β-sitosterol, α-pinene, squalene, phytol, gallic acid, β-tocopherol hentriacontane, nerolidol, α-tocopherol, sesquiterpenes, phenol, steroids, saponins, coumarins, terpenoids.