Ouret sanguinolenta (L.) Kuntze


Native to Southern China, Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, especially the form with a purplish tinge.


Mông gà (Vietnamese), Khruea khaao tok (Thailand), Do:k khaix ped (Laos).


Locally common in abandoned fields, brushwood and hedges, at elevations up to 200 m in Java but ascending to 2,000 m in Indo- China.


  • Stem – branches terete, densely appressedly tomentose in younger parts.
  • Leaves – alternate or opposite (often on a single specimen), simple and entire, densely clothed with appressed white hairs on both surfaces (but especially beneath), petiole short, stipules absent.
  • Inflorescence – an axillary and terminal spike, solitary or fascicled and sometimes forming a paniculate inflorescence.
  • Flowers – small, usually bisexual but sometimes unisexual, solitary in the axil of persistent bracts, subtended by 2 bracteoles, white or tinged with purple.
  • Fruit – a much compressed utricle, about 1 mm in diameter, bursting irregularly, 1- seeded.
  • Seed – reniform, shiny black.


  • Propagation is by stem cuttings.


  • Tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, sphingolipids, polyphenolic compounds and betacyanins.


  • As diuretic (valued in cases of lithiasis and catarrh of the bladder, and for prostatic ailments) and as vermifuge.
  • It is used in treatment of, rheumatic arthritis and pain in muscles.
  • It exhibits diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycemic, and anti-leishmania activities.
  • The whole plant is used as a tonic, sedative and dermatitis. The decoction made from young branches of the plant used internally against haematuria and irregular or painful menstruation.
  • The roots are used for dysentery and paste of the roots is applied externally for headache.
  • In India the dried plants are used against diabetes and malaria.
  • The seeds are used against bronchitis.
  • Leaves and roots of the plant have been used for body pain and the paste of the leaves and roots is applied to the affected area
  • Decoctions of young branches are used internally against haematuria and irregular or painful menstruation.
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