Arrowroot, Garut (Indonesia), Ararut (Malaysia), Zhu yu (Chinese), Kuzuukon (Japanese), Pfeilwurz (German), Dong củ (Vietnamese), Arrowroot des Antilles (French), Pijl wortel (Dutch), Ararú (Spanish), Maranta trostnikovaia (Russian), Agutiguepa (Portuguese)
The plant grows best under warm humid conditions, preferring temperatures of 25-30 °C and requiring an annual average rainfall of 1,500-2,000 mm or more, but with 1-2 dry months. Arrowroot tolerates up to 50% shading without notable yield reduction, and survives waterlogging and saturated soil conditions but does not produce storage rhizomes under such circumstances. It prefers lowland conditions, but can be cultivated up to 1,000 m altitude. It can also be grown on many soil types but thrives on rich, loose, sandy loams with pH of 5-8.
Phenolic compounds, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, glycosides, steroids, phenols, cardiac glycosides, saponins, carbohydrate.